Archives de Tag: Puterie

L’injonction d’…

L’injonction d’arrêter la prostitution adressée aux étrangères revient à raviver une vieille distinction que l’on espérait pourtant révolue : celle entre les pauvres (pauvresses) méritants, à qui sont compassionnellement octroyés quelques maigres subsides, et ceux qui, persévérant dans leur mauvaises inclinations, ne recueillent que ce qu’ils méritent – en l’occurrence le centre de rétention et l’expulsion. Qu’un tel mode de pensée puisse aujourd’hui se targuer du féminisme est un incontestable révélateur des régressions qu’a ces dernières années connu la pensée du social.

Lilian Mathieu, « Les pauvresses méritantes et les autres. A propos du renforcement de la lutte contre le système prostitutionnel »

But when people…

But when people who do not wish to stop prostituting themselves go to the Prostitutionsenheten, they find they are not necessarily welcome. One interviewee was very critical even about the way prostitutes are “welcomed”: the strongly negative judgement passed on prostitutes is evident in the way they are treated even in this service expressly dedicated to them. The same negative judgement on the Prostitutionsenheten attitude is voiced by Tanya Holm, who interviewed several prostitutes. Officially, prostitutes are not criminals, but unofficially they are: if they do not accept to stop prostituting themselves, the official view on prostitution in Sweden does not allow them to be considered anything less than betrayers of the female gender. […]
A woman I interviewed who had sought advice from the Prostitutionsenheten at a moment when she was pondering possible life alternatives, was offered psychotherapy; as she discovered during the therapy sessions, it was aimed at uncovering the sexual violence she had suffered as a child. The problem was she had suffered none: «I felt very confused, I started to doubt what I knew… at the end I left therapy», she said. She said this also happened to other friends of hers. The rigidity in the official conception of prostitution does not therefore seem to help much in establishing a therapeutic dialogue. Even the gynaecological services of the Prostitutionsenheten are marked by an authoritarian approach: I heard of a permanent means of contraception (slow-release hormone) implanted without bothering about the woman’s doubts and objections. There do not seem to be internal projects of evaluation of the Prostitutionsenheten, or at least they are not available to the public, and after an initial contact and two interviews, further requests of clarification on my part (on the issue of mental diseases, for instance) were left unanswered.

Daniela Danna, « Report on the city of Stockholm », in Prostitution and Public life in Four European Capital, p. 37-38

Mais quand des personnes qui ne souhaitent pas arrêter de se prostituer vont au Prostitutionsenheten, elles trouvent qu’elles ne sont pas forcément les bienvenues. Une interviewée était même très critique de la manière dont les prostituées sont « accueillies » : le jugement très négatif porté sur les prostituées est évident dans la manière dont elles sont traitées même dans ce service qui leur est spécialement dédié. Le même jugement négatif sur l’attitude Prostitutionsenheten est émis par Tanya Holm, qui a interviewé plusieurs prostituées. Officiellement, les prostituées ne sont pas des criminelles, mais officieusement, elles en sont : si elles n’acceptent pas d’arrêter de se prostituée, le regard officiel sur la prostitution en Suède ne permet pas de les considérer comme autre chose que des traitre au genre féminin. […]

Une femme que j’ai interviewée et qui avait à un moment cherché conseil au Prostitutionsenheten lorsqu’elle réfléchissait à des possibles alternatives de vie, s’est vue offrir une psychothérapie; comme elle l’a découvert durant les sessions de thérapie, le but était de découvrir les violences sexuelles font elle avait souffert étant enfant. Le problème était qu’elle n’en avait souffert d’aucune : « Je me sentais très troublée, j’ai commencé à avoir des doutes sur ce que je savais… à la fin j’ai abandonné la thérapie », dit-elle. Elle dit que cela est aussi arrivé à d’autres de ses amies. La rigidité de la conception officielle de la prostitution ne semble dès lors pas être d’une grande aide dans l’établissement d’un dialogue thérapeutique. Même les services gynécologiques du Prostitutionsenheten sont marqués par une approche autoritaire : J’ai entendu parler de moyens permanents de contraception (hormones à libération lente) implantés sans s’inquiéter des soutes et objections des femmes. Il ne semble pas qu’il y ait des projets internes d’évaluation du Prostitutionsenheten, ou en tout cas pas accessibles au public,  et après un contact initial et deux interviews, mes autres demandes de clarifications (sur l’enjeu des maladies mentales, par exemple) sont restées sans réponse

Giovanna Franca Dalla Costa, la répression des putes et le modèle familial de production.

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Giovanna Franca Dalla Costa, The Work of Love: Unpaid Housework, Poverty and Sexual Violence at the Dawn of the 21st Century.

the Whore insult

Because so long as there are women who are called whores, there will be women who are trained to believe it is next to death to be one or to be mistaken for one. And so long as that is, men will feel they can leave whores for dead with impunity. The fear of the whore, or of being the whore, is the engine that drives the whole thing. That engine could be called “misogyny,” but even that word misses something: the cheapness of the whore, how easily she might be discarded not only due to her gender but to her race, her class. Whore is maybe the original intersectional insult.

Melissa Gira Grant, Playing the Whore, Verso, 2014, p. 127-128

à propos du « slut shaming »

This has been one of the foundational contributions of sex worker feminists to feminist discourse and activism: challenging whore stigma in the name of all those who live under it. There ’s an echo of this in the popularization of whore stigma in a milder form as outrage at “slut shaming.” What is lost, however, in moving from whore stigma to slut shaming is the centrality of the people most harmed by this form of discrimination.

Melissa Gira Grant, Playing the Whore, Verso, 2014, p. 77

In West Bengal,…

In West Bengal, the sex worker collective Durbar Mahila Samanwaya Committee surveyed over 21,000 women who do sex work. They collected 48,000 reports of abuse or violence by police— in contrast with 4,000 reports of violence by customers, who are conventionally thought of as the biggest threat to sex workers, especially by campaigners opposed to prostitution.
Police violence against sex workers is a persistent global reality. As the economy collapsed in Greece, police staged raids on brothels, arrested and detained sex workers, forced them to undergo HIV testing, and released their photos and HIV status to the media. These actions were condemned by UNAIDS and Human Rights Watch. In China, police have forced sex workers they have arrested to walk in “shame parades,” public processions in which they are shackled and then photographed. Police published these photos on the Web, including one in which a cop humiliated a nude sex worker by pulling her hair back and brutally exposing her face to the camera. When the photo went viral, the outcry reportedly prompted police to suspend these public shaming rituals, though they continue to make violent arrests and raids.
One could hope that the photos and videos like these could make the pervasiveness of this violence real to the public. But to truly confront this type of violence would require us to admit that we permit some violence against women to be committed in order to protect the social and sexual value of other women.

Melissa Gira Grant, Playing the Whore, Verso, 2014, p. 5-6

Wherever possible we shall strive to set up our committees, committees of the Social-Democratic Labour Party. They will consist of peasants, paupers, intellectuals, prostitutes (a worker recently asked us in a letter why not carry on agitation among the prostitutes), soldiers, teachers, workers – in short, all Social-Democrats, and none but Social-Democrats … The urban and industrial proletariat will inevitably be the nucleus of our Social-Democratic Labour Party, but we must attract to it, enlighten, and organise all who labour and are exploited, as stated in our programme – all without exception: handicraftsmen, paupers, beggars, servants, tramps, prostitutes.

Lénine, Collected Works, vol. 9, pp. 237-8., trouvé ici :